For government to regulate speech, leesa-fazal-las-vegas
found it must be "integral to criminal conduct." United States v. Meredith, 685 F.3d 814, 819, 2012 U.S. App. LEXIS 13012, 7, 2012-2 U.S. Tax Cas. (CCH) P50,421, 110 A.F.T.R.2d (RIA) 5157 (9th Cir. Cal. 2012) Leesa Fazal of Las Vegas’ Nevada Attorney General, was reportedly "forced out" of the Las Vegas Metro Police and now works a desk job. Viewpoint discrimination is a core issue here, in which the ACLU of San Diego, Electronic Frontier Foundation, First Amendment Coalition and others have filed a brief supporting Darren. Typically, restriction of speech concerns a gang member not associating with other gang member; a child pornographer being monitored or restricted from the internet, defendant not speaking to victims, etc. The only nontypical First Amendment challenge relates to a defendant speaking or writing about the unconstitutionality of tax laws and was reversed, but prohibiting advocating tax evasion was affirmed. Speech is presumptively protected by the First Amendment. The burden is on the government to show that a defendant's website is within one of the narrow categories of unprotected speech. United States v. Carmichael, 326 F. Supp. 2d 1267, 1270, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13675, 1 (M.D. Ala. 2004) The Government failed in its burden as it did not prove the speech at issue was outside the scope of the First Amenment.
Here, there was no advocacy to violate the law, but only to not harass or defame anyone. As applied, harass took on a civil meaning as the court defined it as merely getting upset. The sentencing factors
The petition raised only reputational issues, and a belief Fazal’s reputation may be harmed. The government sought to preserve the reputation of the Fazal. Protecting ones reputation is not a governmental function unless it violates criminal law. United v. Alvarez, 617 F. 3d 1198. (Stolen Valor Act held unconstitutional) "At issue here is the First Amendment exception that allows the government to regulate speech that is integral to criminal conduct. . . ." Id. at 819-20. United States v. Osinger, 753 F.3d 939, 946, 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 10377, 17-20, 2014 WL 2498131 (9th Cir. Cal. 2014) Fazal’s reputation, or causing her emotional distress, is not an interest the government has in protecting. There are viable avenuesn Leesa Fazal of Las Vegas could have taken: restraining order, injunction to remove blog, lawsuit. Taking away one’s freedom is not one of them.
Public figures are entitled to less protection against defamation and invasion of privacy than are private figures with respect to the publication of false information about them. Carafano v. Metrosplash, Inc., 207 F. Supp. 2d 1055, 1059, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10614, 1, 30 Media L. Rep. 1577 (C.D. Cal. 2002)
The conditions must be "reasonably related" to the purposes of the Act. Consideration of three factors is required to determine whether a reasonable relationship exists: (1) the purposes sought to be served by probation; (2) the extent to which constitutional rights enjoyed by law-abiding citizens should be accorded to probationers; and (3) the legitimate needs of law enforcement. (Citation omitted.) United States v. Pierce, 561 F.2d 735, 739 (9th Cir. 1977). United States v. Lowe, 654 F.2d 562, 567, 1981 U.S. App. LEXIS 18287, 11 (9th Cir. Wash. 1981)